Thursday, 18 August 2022

About the ANC

What is the African National Congress?  

Image: Founders of ANC
  • The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change.
  • For ten decades the ANC has led the struggle against racism and oppression, organising mass resistance, mobilising the international community and taking up the armed struggle against apartheid.
  • The ANC achieved a decisive democratic breakthrough in the 1994 elections, where it was given a firm mandate to negotiate a new democratic Constitution for South Africa. The new Constitution was adopted in 1996.
  • The ANC was re-elected in 1999 to national and provincial government with an increased mandate.
  • The policies of the ANC are determined by its membership and its leadership is accountable to the membership.
  • Membership of the ANC is open to all South Africans above the age of 18 years, irrespective of race, colour and creed, who accept its principles, policies and programmes.


Image: ANC Members


Aims and Objectives.

  • The ANC's key objective is the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
  • This means the liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.
  • The struggle to achieve this objective is called the National Democratic Revolution.


Image: Freedom Charter

ANC Policy
          The Freedom Charter, which was adopted by the Congress of the People in 1955, remains the basic policy document of the ANC.

  • The Freedom Charter declares that:
  • The people shall govern
  • All national groups shall have equal rights
  • The people shall share in the country`s wealth
  • The land shall be shared among those who work it
  • All shall be equal before the law
  • All shall enjoy equal human rights
  • There shall be work and security
  • The doors of learning and culture shall be opened
  • There shall be houses, security and comfort
  • There shall be peace and friendship

Image: RDP Houses

In 1994 the ANC adopted the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) as the basic policy framework guiding the ANC in the transformation of South Africa. The key programmes of the  RDP are:
  • meeting basic needs
  • developing our human resources
  • building the economy
  • democratising the state and society






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